Cefalùù, is one of the most beautiful villages in Italy. Located at the foot of a rocky promontory, in the province of Palermo, it is one of the largest resorts in the entire region; Despite its size, each year attracts a significant flow of local, national and foreign tourists, during summertime, the population triples and flock to the main streets and major roads in the village.
Cefalu is a very old town and seems even to have been founded over a thousand years before the birth of Christ; the first colonies were created by the Greeks in the 5th century BC and called this location Kephaloidion (kefalè head). It becomes Cephaloedium, half of the 3rd century, due to the Roman conquest. Then it was the turn of the Arabs who renamed it Gafludi and then return to the Latin name with the arrival of the Normans (XI century).
The town developed around the Duomo (inserted into the website Arab-Norman cathedrals with Palermo and Monreale), built by Roger II, preserved over the centurie its original appearance, with its narrow streets of the historic center, typically from the middle ages. The buildings of the town are rich in architectural decorations and numerous churches exhibit the full importance of the bishopric. Particularly characteristic is the fishing village with old houses fronting the sea.
Things to do in Cefalù
Cefalù offers to tourists a number of fascinating points of interest and a nicer Beach than the other, to enjoy the deserved rest in one of the most beautiful seas of Sicily. During their holiday in Cefalù, it is impossible not to visit the Cathedral, that in 2015 was declared a Unesco World Heritage site.
According to a legend, the Cathedral would be built following a vow made to Jesus the Saviour by King Roger II, who was buried with his wife (today the remains lie in Palermo), after escaping from a storm. Inside there are notable works of art among which, from the top of the Central apse, the great Byzantine mosaic of Christ pantocrator.
Along Corso Ruggero, the most important street of the town, also known as shopping street, there are beautiful houses of the Renaissance and 19th century churches and ancient buildings, among which is the Osterio Magno, belonged to Roger II, which still retains some glimpse of her original appearance in Norman style.
Around the perimeter of the historic centre of the town there are megalithic walls, dating back to the 5th century BC, which is still today largely. Especially romantic Kiss under Porta Pescara, an arc with sea view, the last one of the 4 original doors.
On the rock that dominates Cefalù, you can enjoy a breathtaking view, there are the remains of the ancient Greek colony of Kefaloidion, and you can explore the fascinating Temple of Diana, a shrine made of a megalithic building, dominated by slabs of stone dolmen hosts a cistern dating from the 9th century b.c. along via Vittorio Emanuele you can dwell on the Medieval Wash-house, in front of the Renaissance Palazzo Martino characterized by a lava stone staircase and a series of basins that collect the water flowing from 22 lion heads. The tanks are home to the supports that were formerly used to clean clothes.
Very nice is the Mandralisca Museum which, in addition to preserving the fifteenth-century paintings and archaeological finds, preserves the work that helped make the city famous: the famous "portrait of an unknown sailor", painting by Antonello da Messina. In addition to these, there you will find a large collection of ancient coins and an important Sicilian red-figure crater and malacological collection on black background, said the seller of tuna.